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  • Coal Refuse Fires, An Environmental Hazard

    COAL REFUSE FIRES,AN ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD by Lewi s M. McNay 1 ABSTRACT The Bureau of Mines loed and examined 292 burning coal refuse banks throughout the Nation's coalproducing regions in 1968. These coal waste fires, extending over

    Authors: McnayAbout: Air pollution · Municipal solid waste · Renewable energy · Fossil fuelChat Online
  • Production of Hydrogen Stanford University

    • water slurry coal feed • high pressure: 70 bar • usually water quench • favoured for H 2 production because of excess H 2O present • combined sour gas CO shift and COS hydrolysis – Shell • dry coal feed, nitrogen entrainment • pressure limitation: 40bar (coal) • waste heat boiler, higher efficiency • needs added steam for

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  • Coal Ash Basics Coal Ash (Coal Combustion Residuals, or

    Coal ash is one of the largest types of industrial waste generated in the United States. According to the American Coal Ash Association's Coal Combustion Product Production & Use Survey Report, nearly 130 million tons of coal ash was generated in 2014.

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  • COAL REFUSE DISPOSAL CONTROL ACT ESTABLISHMENT

    discharges that could be improved by the proposed coal refuse disposal operation. (4) Unreclaimed coal refuse disposal piles that could be improved by the proposed coal refuse disposal operation. (5) Other unreclaimed areas previously affected by mining activities. (6) An area adjacent to or an expansion of an existing coal refuse disposal site.

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  • Trump signs bill undoing Obama coal mining rule TheHill

    The bill quashes the Office of Surface Mining's Stream Protection Rule, a regulation to protect waterways from coal mining waste that officials finalized in December.

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  • Health and environmental effects of refuse derived fuel

    For the first series, coal was fired to establish a base line condition. For the second series, a mixture of coal and densified refusederived fuel was fired. The report describes the equipment used to densify refuse derived fuel, procedures used to prepare and handle the coal and densified refuse derived fuel mixture and the test results.

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  • Coal Refuse To Energy CiteSeerX

    COAL REFUSE TO ENERGY by: Ronald D. Neufeld Professor of Civil Engineering University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA 15261 Abstract The objective of this research is to develop basic energy production and environmental information for the insitu combustion of coal refuse piles.

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  • Coal refuse can create clean energy, jobs Times News Online

    The industry is built upon using coal refuse, which is a combination of lowquality coal, rock shale, slate, clay and other materials, and converting it to electricity. Before the development of the technology that allows plants to use the coal refuse, it was stored in large piles surrounding the coal

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  • 4 Coal Mining and Processing Coal: Research and

    Coal focuses on the research and development needs and priorities in the areas of coal resource and reserve assessments, coal mining and processing, transportation of coal and coal products, and coal

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  • CHAPTER XII. PRODUCTION OF REFUSEDERIVED FUEL (RDF)

    with its higher production of ash per unit of ener gy released, com bined to cause overloading of the ash handling systems of the suspensionfired coal boilers. Additionally, incomplete combustion adversely affected the overall thermal efficiency of the energy recovery system.

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  • Coal waste SourceWatch

    Coal mining and coal combustion in power plants produce several types of wastes: The mining process itself produces waste coal or solid mining refuse, which is a mixture of coal and rock. The mining process also produces liquid coal waste, which is then stored in impoundments. Pollution control equipment used for coal combustion produces coal ash or fly ash, as well as fluegas

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  • Coal in Pennsylvania

    Coal production stabilized at between 80 and 95 million tons per year from 1961 to 1981, then fell irregularly to 63 million tons in 1993, the lowest figure since 1885. This decline reflected the severe contraction of coal markets in coke production, retail and commercial sales, and industrial use,

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  • Coal and Water Pollution Union of Concerned Scientists

    More than 100 million tons of coal ash and other waste products are produced by coalfired power plants in the United States every year (see a map here). About a third of that waste is reused in some way (often in concrete) the rest is stored in landfills, abandoned mines,

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  • Using coal waste to create sustainable concrete: New coal

    The advance tackles two major environmental problems at once by making use of coal production waste and by significantly reducing the environmental impact of concrete production.

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  • Coal Preparation Plant Advancements Mining USA

    Coal Preparation Plant Advancements R. Q. Honaker University of Kentucky Coal Waste Disposal Dense Medium Cyclones D&R Screens Circuit Feed Raw Coal Deslime Screens Stoker Centrifuge Dewatering metallurgical coal production is lowering the separation density of the fine circuit.

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  • Coal Refuse to Energy Industry ARIPPA

    By removing coal refuse piles from the environment, reclaiming the sites to productive uses and using the coal refuse as an alternative fuel for the production of electricity, the coal refuse to energy industry provides a range of environmental, economic and societal benefits to the state of Pennsylvania.

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  • Why Trump just killed a rule restricting coal companies

    But the agency did agree the rule would make certain mining projects uneconomic and reduce annual coal employment by 124 jobs between now and 2040, thanks to lower production.

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  • Barletta bill would add incentives to clean up coal waste

    The legislation — the Coal Refuse Remediation Act — would provide a perton production tax credit to coal refusefired electric plants, which generate electricity from coal waste while also

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  • 2017 Coal and Industrial Minerals Mining Activities

    Anthracite Coal Refuse Production Listed by County (PDF) Anthracite Coal Refuse Production Listed by County (Excel) Anthracite Mining Activities 1870 to 2017 Historical Summary (PDF) Anthracite Mining Activities 1870 to 2017 Historical Summary (Excel) Anthracite Operators Address Information (PDF)

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  • Barletta Bill Incentivizes Coal Refuse Cleanup

    The legislation, H.R. 4977, the Coal Refuse Reclamation Act, would provide a perton production tax credit (PTC) to coal refuse fired electric plants, which generate electricity from coal waste while also remediating and reclaiming coal refuse piles on abandoned mine lands.

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  • Pennsylvania Rep. Barletta's Bill Would Add Tax Incentives

    The legislation — the Coal Refuse Remediation Act — would provide a perton production tax credit to coal refusefired electric plants, which generate electricity from coal waste while also remediating and reclaiming coal refusepiles on abandoned mine lands.

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  • 26 U.S. Code § 45 Electricity produced from certain

    Electricity produced from certain renewable resources, etc. (a) General rule For purposes of section 38, the renewable electricity production credit for any

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  • Coal Fly Ash Material Description User Guidelines for

    The fly ash produced from the burning of pulverized coal in a coalfired boiler is a finegrained, powdery particulate material that is carried off in the flue gas and usually collected from the flue gas by means of electrostatic precipitators, baghouses, or mechanical collection devices such as

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  • 2010 ANTHRACITE COAL REFUSE PRODUCTION LISTED BY

    2010 anthracite coal refuse production listed by county % Change Counties: Berks Carbon Columbia Dauphin Lackawanna Luzerne Montgomery Northumberland Schuylkill

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  • Pennsylvania's coal refuse plants look to Harrisburg for

    Coal refuse is an environmentally harmful left over biproduct of coal mining. The Panther Creek Energy Plant was built solely to burn and get rid of it 25 years ago.

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  • Water Recovery Using Waste Heat from Coal Fired Power Plants

    truly use waste heat, differ from each other in that significant capital expenditures are necessary for Option 3. With these expenditures the operator will get the advantage of almost an order of magnitude greater production of distillate (that can be used for cooling tower make up).

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  • Coal Ash & Liquid Management (CALM) Industry Consortium

    CALM Initiative Members, As mentioned by the Energy Production Infrastructure Center (EPIC) Director, Dr. Mike Mazzola the CALM Initiative has left UNC Charlotte to form a private, industry partnercentered organization focused on coal ash, industrial waste management and wastewater treatment from energy production.

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  • Coal Ash Is More Radioactive Than Nuclear Waste

    The sentence marked with an asterisk was changed from "In fact, fly ash—a byproduct from burning coal for power—and other coal waste contains up to 100 times more radiation than nuclear waste

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  • Smart Energy Solutions: Decrease Coal Use Union of

    Coal is a dirty energy source. It pollutes our environment with toxins, produces a quarter of U.S. global warming emissions, and accounts for a whopping 80 percent of all carbon emissions produced by power generation nationwide. It's time to reduce our dependence on this polluting energy source.

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  • Publiion 510 Excise Taxes Coal

    Coal is produced from surface mines if all geological matter (trees, earth, rock) above the coal is removed before the coal is mined. Treat coal removed by auger and coal reclaimed from coal waste refuse piles as produced from a surface mine.

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  • Researchers use coal waste to create sustainable concrete

    The advance tackles two major environmental problems at once by making use of coal production waste and by significantly reducing the environmental impact of concrete production.

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  • Coal Refuse Industry Hopes for Help From Congress

    The wastetoenergy business in Pennsylvania has cleaned up more than 200 million tons of coal refuse, restored more than 1,200 miles of streams, and reclaimed more than 7,000 acres of abandoned mine lands, according to Brisini, former deputy secretary at the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection's Office of Waste, Air

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  • Researchers use coal waste to create sustainable concrete

    The advance tackles two major environmental problems at once by making use of coal production waste and by significantly reducing the environmental impact of concrete production. Xianming Shi, associate professor in WSU's Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, and graduate student Gang Xu, have developed a strong, durable concrete

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  • 7 Alternatives for Future Coal Waste Disposal Coal Waste

    On October 11, 2000, a breakthrough of Martin County Coal Corporation's coal waste impoundment released 250 million gallons of slurry in near Inez, Kentucky.

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  • Coal Excise Tax Internal Revenue Service

    Issue 11 Refuse Pile Coal . Issue 217 Explanation 217 Law 217 Techniques . 217 Issue 12 ThermoDryer Coal . Issue 217 Explanation 218 Law 218 IMPOSITION OF COAL EXCISE TAX Section 4121 of the Internal Revenue Code imposes an excise tax on domestically produced coal. The tax does not apply to lignite.

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  • Pennsylvania Code

    (2) Disposal of coal refuse in an abandoned, inactive or active underground coal mine shall comply with Chapter 89 (relating to underground mining of coal and coal preparation facilities), with subsection (a) and with § 90.127 (relating to coal refuse disposal: disposal in underground coal mines).

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  • Coal Refuse Gob Piles Slate Dumps Waste Piles Refuge

    Coal refuse is a legacy of previous coal mining and consists of lowquality coal mixed with rock, shale, slate, clay and other materials. RPM Solutions is a reclamation, ash management and environmental services company that deals with such matters as coal refuse.

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  • Coal Ash Waste Beyond Coal Sierra Club

    Coal ash is not subject to federal protections, and state laws governing coal combustion waste disposal are usually weak or nonexistent. The result: Millions of tons of coal ash are being stored in ponds, landfills, and abandoned mines.

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