surface mining defined

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  • Underground mining Britannica

    In mining: Underground mining. When any ore body lies a considerable distance below the surface, the amount of waste that has to be removed in order to uncover the ore through surface mining becomes prohibitive, and underground techniques must be considered.

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  • surface coal mining equipment savefoundation.net

    Mountaintop coal mining is a surface mining practice involving removal of mountaintops to expose coal seams, and disposing of associated mining overburden in adjacent "valley fills." Surface mining operations are defined as activities undertaken during winning, transporting.

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  • MINING ‑ SURFACE ‑ CITES AND TOWNS ‑ LICENSES

    MINING ‑ SURFACE ‑ CITES AND TOWNS ‑ LICENSES ‑ REGULATION OF SURFACE MINING IN SHORELINE AREAS. If a surface mining operation for which a state permit has been issued under chapter 64, Laws of 1970, constitutes a "development" as defined in § 3 of the shoreline management act of 1971 (RCW 90.58.030) and is inconsistent with the properly formulated master program for the

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  • Surface Tension Definition of Surface Tension by Merriam

    Surface tension definition is the attractive force exerted upon the surface molecules of a liquid by the molecules beneath that tends to draw the surface molecules into the bulk of the liquid and makes the liquid assume the shape having the least surface area.

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  • What does surface mine mean? definition, meaning and

    Definition of surface mine in the AudioEnglish Dictionary. Meaning of surface mine. What does surface mine mean? Proper usage and pronunciation (in phonetic transcription) of the word surface mine. Information about surface mine in the AudioEnglish dictionary, synonyms and antonyms.

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  • Chapter 78.44 RCW: SURFACE MINING Washington

    Surface mining reclamation account. 78.44.050 Exclusive authority to regulate reclamation — Department may delegate enforcement authority to counties, cities, towns — Other laws not affected.

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  • Glossary of Mining Terms rocksandminerals

    Cycle mining — A system of mining in more than one working place at a time, that is, a miner takes a lift from the face and moves to another face while permanent roof support is

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  • Surface mining : definition of Surface mining and synonyms

    Surface mining is subject to state and federal reclamation requirements, but adequacy of the requirements is a constant source of contention. Unless reclaimed, surface mining can leave behind large areas of infertile waste rock, as 70% of material excavated is waste. [citation needed]

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  • RCW 78.44.031: Definitions. Washington

    (c) Surface mining occurs when operations have created or are intended to create a surface mine as defined by this subsection. (d) Surface mining shall exclude excavations or grading used: (i) Primarily for onsite construction, onsite road maintenance, or onsite landfill construction

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  • Subsurface Define Subsurface at Dictionary

    Subsurface definition, below the surface, especially of a body of water. See more.

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  • Surface Mining Techniques used in the Oil Sands Oil

    Surface mining is defined as the extraction of ore from an open pit or burrow. Surface mining is sometimes known as openpit, opencut or opencast mining and is only commercially viable if the deposit is loed relative close to the surface.

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  • Surface Mining Methods and Equipment

    2. Surface Mining Machinery Glossary Bibliography Biographical Sketches Summary This chapter deals with surface mining. Section 1 presents an overview of surface mining methods and practices as commonly employe d in modern surface mining operations. The description includes a comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of surface and

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  • Surface Mining Environmental Protection Division

    The Surface Mining Unit reviews appliions and approves surface mining land use plans, issues surface mining permits, conducts compliance evaluations of surface mining operations, reviews and approves bonding requirements for surface mining operations and ensures reclamation of completed mining operations.

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  • What does Surface mining mean? Definitions.net

    Freebase (5.00 / 1 vote) Rate this definition:. Surface mining. Surface mining, including strip mining, openpit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad egory of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit are removed.

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  • A Brief Introduction to the Types of Surface Mining Methods

    Surface mining is one of the most common and oldest ways of removing minerals from the Earth. ScienceStruck tells you what the various surface mining methods are, with the definition and facts of

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  • Surface Mining: Main Research issues for Autonomous

    Surface Mining: Main Research issues for Autonomous Operations 3 Fig. 2. Simpli ed view of a mine operation 3 Mining Automation 3.1 Future of Surface Mining Due to the uncertainty on the state of resources actual surface mining operations needs to operate in a conservative manner to be able to satisfy customer requirements and shareholder pro t.

    Authors: Eduardo Mario NebotAffiliation: University of SydneyChat Online
  • SURFACE MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION ACT OF

    1 1 The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (91 Stat. 445) consists of the Act of August 3, 1977, and subsequent amenments thereto (30 U.S.C. 1201 & following). SURFACE MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION ACT OF 19771 [Public Law 95–87]

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  • Surface mining legal definition of Surface mining by

    Surface mining of mineral and aggregate resources in conjunction with the operation and maintenance of irrigation systems operated by an Irrigation District, including the excavation and mining for facilities, ponds, reservoirs, and the offsite use, storage, and sale of excavated material.

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  • Surface mining Britannica

    Surface mining, method of extracting minerals near the surface of the Earth. The three most common types of surface mining are openpit mining, strip mining, and quarrying. See also mining and coal mining.

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  • Office of Surface Mining

    The U.S. Government's Official Website for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE). OSMRE's business practices are to reclaim abandoned mine lands (Title IV), regulate active coal mines (Title V), and apply sound science through technology transfer.

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  • surface mine Dictionary Definition : Vocabulary

    extract (ore) from a stripmine. Whether you're a student, an eduor, or a lifelong learner, Vocabulary can put you on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement.

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  • Articles Eastman & Smith

    Under Ohio law, there are instances in which a surface mining truck may exceed the maximums allowed. The term "surface mining truck" has been defined by the Ohio Attorney General to mean a "vehicle" used to haul minerals (a.k.a. aggregate).

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  • Strip Mining, Openpit Mining, Surface Mining, Mining

    Strip mining is a kind of surface mining. The ore is very near to the surface of the land but has one or more layers of rock and filth on top of it. To mine the ore, these layers have to be removed.

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  • Surface mining definition" Keyword Found Websites Listing

    Surface Mining Law and Legal Definition USLegal, Inc. Definitions.uslegal Surface Mining Law and Legal Definition Surface mining is a type of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed. It is used when deposits of commercially useful minerals or rock are found near the surface.

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  • Office of Surface Mining Free definitions by Babylon

    The Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM or OSMRE) is a branch of the United States Department of the Interior.It is the federal agency entrusted with the implementation and enforcement of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA), which attached a perton fee to all extracted coal in order to fund an interestaccruing trust to be used for reclamation

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  • Surface Mining Encyclopedia

    Surface mining Surface mining techniques are used when a vein of coal or other substance lies so close to the surface that it can be mined with bulldozers, power shovels, and trucks instead of using deep shaft mines, explosive devices, or coal gasifiion techniques.

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  • What is Surface Mining? (with pictures) wisegeek

    Oct 30, 2018 · Surface mining is a method of mining used to extract minerals and metals which are near the surface of the Earth. There are three basic types of surface mining: open pit mining, strip mining, and quarry mining.

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  • Surface mining, minerals legal definition of Surface

    Define Surface mining, minerals. means includes, but is not limited to, soil, select fill, coal, clay, stone, sand, gravel, aggregate, pumice, cinders, metallic ore and any other inorganic solid excavated from a natural deposit in the earth for commercial, industrial or construction use.

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  • Surface mining Unionpedia, the concept map

    Oct 23, 2014 · Surface mining, including strip mining, openpit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad egory of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.

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  • Subsurface mining Article about Subsurface mining by

    (in Russian, shakhta), a mining enterprise that extracts minerals by underground methods and ships them to a consumer or an oreenrichment plant. An underground mine includes both surface structures—for example, headframes, headhouses, and storehouses—and all the underground mining

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  • Basics of an open pit mine Mine Engineer.Com

    The planning of an open pit mine is, therefore, basically an exercise in economics, constrained by certain geologic and mining engineering aspects. A bench may be defined as a ledge that forms a single level of operation above which mineral or waste materials are mined back to a bench face.

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  • APES Unit 8 Earth Science Flashcards Quizlet

    Surface Mining (definition and steps) Shallow deposits are removed by removing vegetation, removing overburden, and get the desired mineral and leave the rest. Openpit mining. Type of surfacemining, machines dig large holes and remove metal ores and sand, gravel, and stone.

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  • What Every Farmer Should Know About Mining Law

    Surface Subsidence Agent Program, provides agents that monitor and documents conditions in areas impacted by longwall mining prior to, during, and after mining has occurred. Surface Subsidence Agents may also assist with the settlement of claims filed under the Bituminous Mine Subsidence and Land Conservation Act.

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  • PA Bulletin, Doc. No. 181669>

    The Department has amended the definition of ''surface mining activities'' under Chapters 86 and 87 (relating to surface and underground coal mining general and surface mining of coal) in this manner before to satisfy Federal concerns about the scope of the Commonwealth's definition.

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  • What Is Subsurface Mining? Reference

    Subsurface mining is the removal of deposits from the earth by drilling underneath layers of rock and dirt. These deposits are difficult to reach from the surface and require the drilling of vertical or horizontal shafts for access. The shafts are reinforced with supports before workers access the

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  • Surface Coal Mining Operations Law and Legal Definition

    According to 30 USCS § 1291 (28), the term surface coal mining operations means"(A) activities conducted on the surface of lands in connection with a surface coal mine or subject to the requirements of section 516 [30 USCS § 1266] surface operations and surface impacts incident to an underground coal mine, the products of which enter commerce or the operations of which directly or

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  • Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 Wikipedia

    The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States. SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second for reclaiming abandoned mine lands.

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  • Surface mining : definition of Surface mining and synonyms

    Surface mining is subject to state and federal reclamation requirements, but adequacy of the requirements is a constant source of contention. Unless reclaimed, surface mining can leave behind large areas of infertile waste rock, as 70% of material excavated is waste. [citation needed]

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